Krasnoyarsk Region and city
The Krasnoyarsk Region ranks second in the size of its territory among the subjects of Russian Federation. Its total area is 2 366,8 thousand sq. kilometers and it comprises 18 urban districts, 44 administrative territories, 35 urban-type settlements, 484 rural administrations, and 3 Closed Administrative Territorial Units. The population is about 2 900 thousand (14th place among the regions of Russia). The region stretches for almost 3 000 kilometers from the Arctic Ocean to the mountainous regions of the Southern Siberia.
The Krasnoyarsk Region has a complex territorial structure. Its territories differ from each other in a quantity of natural resources and a level of industrial development. The region exceptionally rich in raw materials with unique fuel, mineral and hydro-energy resources; it is also famous for the large reserves of timber. The total area of timber foundation is 155 781,2 thousand hectares (i.e. 45,1 % of Siberian Federal District wood tract supplies). Krasnoyarsk Region is the largest Russian exporter of non-ferrous metals of high demand and degree of liquidity in international markets (30,1 % of export in trade turnover of Russia), as well as non-precious metals and metal-ceramics, valuable sorts of wood and products of them, products of inorganic chemistry, nuclear and energetic equipment, mineral raw materials, oil and gas products, synthetic materials, etc.
The region is the scientific center of Siberia. Scientific institutes and the Siberian Federal University are located on its territory.
There are thousands of crystal clear, mineral-rich mountain, taiga, and tundra rivers and tens of thousands of lakes, including Lakes Taimyr, Dyupkun, and Khantai Lake, which are some of the largest and deepest lakes in Russia after Lake Baikal.
One of the major places of interest in Krasnoyarsk Region is Krasnoyarsk Dam – 124-metre (407 ft) high concrete gravity dam located on the Yenisey River about 30 kilometres (19 mi) upstream from Krasnoyarsk in Divnogorsk, Russia. It was constructed from 1956 to 1972 and supplies 6,000 MW of power, mostly used to supply the KrAZ (Krasnoyarsky Aluminievyy Zavod, Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant). As a result of the damming, the Krasnoyarsk Reservoir was created. This reservoir, informally known as Krasnoyarsk Sea, has an area of 2,000 square kilometres (770 sq mi) and a volume of 73.3 cubic kilometres (18 cu mi). It is 388 km (241 mi) in length and 15 km (9 mi) in width at its widest, has an average depth of 36.6 m (120.1 ft), and a depth of 105 m (344 ft) near the dam.
The center of the vast Krasnoyarsk region is the city of Krasnoyarsk, the second biggest city in Siberia after Novosibirsk and a powerful industrial center. There are more than 1 000 000 inhabitants.
The city is distinguished by its unique landscapes, mountain views, majestic Siberian forest and well-known Stolby Nature Reserve. This work of nature is a series of exotic rocky eminences situated in the taiga on the spurs of the Eastern Sayan Mountains. The territory of the reserve totals 47 000 hectares.
Several years in succession, Krasnoyarsk has been recognized as one of the most comfortable cities in Russia. A number of various projects and programs, directed to the improvement of urban environment, are realized in Krasnoyarsk.
Krasnoyarsk is a city with actively developing business infrastructure. Over 44 000 enterprises, including 522 large and medium organizations, are situated in Krasnoyarsk. Krasnoyarsk takes the leading position in Siberia by volume of per capita industrial production. Alongside the traditional industrial sectors for the region, such as metallurgy, power engineering and mechanical engineering, new areas are developing more and more actively. Proposals and creation of ideas, technologies and projects allow the city to maintain its leading position and develop its attractiveness for investment. In 2006 Krasnoyarsk innovative and technological business incubator came into operation.
Our city is actively built on. In recent years Krasnoyarsk has been among leaders in housing construction. Year 2006 was a record in the last years: 810 000 sq. meters of living space were constructed, as a result, our city became an absolute leader among republican and regional centers of Russia. In 2007-2008 volume of housing construction was quite large as well.
The city has rich cultural traditions. Great Russian artist Vasiliy Surikov, writer Victor Astafyev, and opera singer Dmitry Khvorostovskiy were all born, educated and worked here. There are 5 professional theatres in Krasnoyarsk. Mikhail Godenko’s State Academic Dance Company of Siberia is known to spectators of more than 50 countries worldwide. 40 municipal cultural institutions are situated in Krasnoyarsk.
Krasnoyarsk is well known in Russia for its Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Chapel, for an architectural ensemble of office buildings on Karl Marks street, as well as for its Clock Tower. Krasnoyarsk bridges are among the main sights of the city. The Railway Bridge over the Yenisei, constructed in 1899 by mechanical engineer E.K. Knorre as part of the project by known Russian engineer L.D. Proskuryakov, was awarded with gold medal at the World Fair in Paris in 1900 as the highest achievement of technical idea. Communal Bridge is one of the symbols of our city, as well as cable-stayed pedestrian bridge to the Tatyshev island , called Vinogradovsky Bridge.
Krasnoyarsk is famous for its fountains.
There are about 150 of them: large and small, simple and complex, with music and highlights. The most spectacular ones are, of course, the fountains in the Theatre Square: an unbelievably beautiful «City fountain» and the cascade fountain «Rivers of Siberia» were opened to commemorate the city's 377th anniversary. Both of these fountains are unique. The first one amazes by the variety of water jets, and the second one by the power of cascades. According to the idea of Areg Demirhanov, an architect and the author of the project «Rivers of Siberia», the fountain combined such rivers as Yenisey, Biryusa, Mana, Angara, Khatanga, Kacha, Bazaikha, and Tunguska
Significant scientific potential is concentrated in Krasnoyarsk. Right here, in Krasnoyarsk, Siberian Federal University – higher educational institution of the 3rd millennium - was established. It can be compared by its size only with the Moscow State University. The Board of Trustees of the university is headed by Russian Prime Minister Dmitriy Medvedev.
XXIX WORLD WINTER UNIVERSIADE 2019 IN KRASNOYARSK
On September 1, 2012, the bidding campaign for hosting the Summer and Winter Universiades in the year 2019 was begun. Russian Students Sports’ Union sent a letter to express the intention to host the Winter Universiade 2019 in Krasnoyarsk to the President of FISU, Mr. Claude-Louis Gallien. On 9 November 2013, FISU attributed Krasnoyarsk as host city of the 2019 Winter Universiade.
The holding of World winter Universiade in Krasnoyarsk in 2019 will let to promote sport as a basic factor of health life style. It will also become a great impulse for the development of students’ sport in the whole country.
The holding of Universiade in Krasnoyarsk will give a great social-economical effect. Hosting the best young sportsmen Krasnoyarsk will be a major focus of interest of world sports community as well as mass media, trade, business, advertising, and tourism enterprises and, of course, sports industry.
The holding of Universiade is an additional investments’ intake, general development of the city and the region, and creation of new work places.
Preparing for the Universiade the city will be supplied with strong sports and tourist infrastructure that will enliven the life of Krasnoyarsk students and youth, as well as all the residents and guests of our city.